We know it is wrong for your neighbor to enter your property without your permission. But what if water from your neighbor goes onto your property? What should you do when a neighbor’s gutter drains on your property?
Each state has different rules in resolving the dispute of a neighbor’s gutter draining on your property. However, you could use these common steps to resolve the issue: First, peacefully talk to your neighbor about the problem. If nothing happens, you could refer your problem to your Homeowners’ Association or similar entities. Your last and final option is to take legal action depending on the laws in your state.
Nevertheless, you should exhaust all means to settle the issue in a peaceful and friendly manner. After all, the person is your neighbor and a part of your community.
Read on to learn more about what you should do when your neighbor’s gutter drains on your property.
Neighbor’s Gutter Drains on My Property
Having your neighbor’s gutter drain on your property can be stressful and annoying. Nonetheless, you should approach the problem calmly. Know the drainage laws in your state because each state has different rules in resolving drainage disputes.
The first step that you should do is to talk to your neighbor about the problem calmly. You can explain the problem without the histrionics. If nothing happens, you could then refer your problem to your Homeowners’ Association or similar entities in the area. Taking legal action should be your last option.
You have to exhaust all peaceful means to settle the issue as suing your neighbor may not be profitable at all. You have to know the applicable law in your state as well to succeed in your legal battle.
If your neighbor has not altered their property in any way, and water flows naturally into your property due to heavy rain, then they are not held accountable. However, if they have altered their land surfaces, and as a result, their gutters drain on your property, then you can claim damages.
General Rules on Water Damage Caused by Neighbors’ Land Modifications
1. Reasonable Use Rule
You can claim damages when your neighbors alter their landscape, causing their gutters to drain on your property. However, you must have irrefutable proof that their actions indeed have caused the water surface damages.
You can file a lawsuit against your neighbors in many states when you can prove that their properties’ alterations have changed the natural flow of water into your property.
Courts will look into whether your neighbors had foreseen the damage to your property when they started the land alterations. They would also compare the damages on your property versus the increased values of your neighbors’ properties.
The court will also determine how significant your neighbors’ alteration was. Were the alterations truly needed? Or did your neighbors acted negligently or maliciously when they altered the drainage?
Courts in many states will try to resolve the issue by avoiding conflicts between property owners. They would consider all related circumstances/facts before deciding whether the alteration of drainage is reasonable or not.
Hence, if you want to claim damages, be ready with your reliable pieces of evidence.
2. Natural Flow Rule (Civil Law Rule)
This rule imposes liability on landowners that change their lands against the water’s natural flow across the land. This rule is the opposite of the Common Enemy Rule.
Some states revised this civil law rule by allowing landlords’ land modifications so long as these are reasonable. Consequently, neighboring lands could also take reasonable measures to protect their lands due to their neighbors’ modifications.
Landowners or property owners have the right not to get injured by others altering their drainages. Likewise, they have no legal right to alter their drainage.
Common Exceptions to the Natural Flow Rule
- Owners of agricultural lands could alter drainage if it benefits their agriculture, and they can direct the water using natural channels.
- When property owners alter the natural drainage but cause no harm, the court will not hold them liable.
- These exceptions do not apply in urban areas; instead, the Common Enemy Rule is more appropriate.
3. Common Enemy Rule
This rule recognizes natural sources of water and rainwater as common enemies to all landowners. You have to protect your land.
In several states, landowners protect their lands from surface water by building drainage ditches or dikes. They should also protect their lands from surface water that runs from their neighbors’ land.
In short, property owners have the right to protect themselves against surface water in whatever way they can. Thus, no owners are liable to anyone else for protecting their properties.
Some states modified this rule to allow people to hold their neighbors still liable for damage if the court deemed the neighbors’ land modification negligent. 
Other modifications of this rule are as follows:
- The landowner altered the drainage even if it was unnecessary.
- The landowner altered the drainage negligently or carelessly.
- The land alteration directed water differently from the natural drainage.
In these cases, the landowner is held liable for damages.
Careless Water Damage
You could also collect compensation if you can prove in court that your neighbors’ negligence and carelessness caused damage to your property.
Examples of negligence and carelessness are leaky sprinklers, broken pipes, clogged rain gutters, and broken water hoses.
You can collect the cost of damages for repairs of your water-damaged properties or your medical bills for physical injuries or sickness due to your neighbors’ land alteration. You could also collect punitive damages if you could prove that your neighbor had malicious intent.
California Drainage Law
In California, the following general rules apply to development projects:
- Property owners should not block any ditch pipe or drainage channel.
- Upstream property owners may not increase drainage runoff by diverting previously drained water to another place.
- Downstream property owners should accept and protect themselves from waters that naturally flow from upstream lands. 
- Upstream property owners should ensure that downstream property owners are not adversely affected when they divert water from its natural course.
- Property owners should provide proper water disposal when diverting drainage water.
Florida Drainage Law
The Florida law mandates that landowners must accept surface water from a higher elevated property. Thus, all upstream properties are legally entitled to drain surface water onto lower properties according to the Naturel Flow Rule.
Also, landowners should abide by the common law doctrine of ‘mutual drain.’ This law requires landowners to construct a drain that mutually benefits them. 
Therefore, the rule is similar to all other states. You can apply the three general rules to your case. But your local court may not have the same ruling as that with other states.
New York Drainage Law
The New York drainage law recognizes that constructions, such as paving, blacktopping and similar improvements,
“… done in good faith that disturbs the natural flow of surface water drainage to the damage of a lower owner is not actionable unless the drainage is artificially caused to collect in a mass, as in a pipe, ditch, or drain.” 
Hence, your neighboring landowner is not responsible for water flow on your property due to natural occurrences. You have to bear the responsibility of dispersing the water on your property properly.
If your neighbors altered their properties that unnaturally direct the water to your property, then you could do the steps recommended below.
What Should I Do When My Neighbor’s Gutter Drains on My Property?
Here are specific steps you can do when your neighbor’s gutter drains in your property.
1. Assess Any Damages
Find out if any damages occurred in your property because of your neighbor’s drainage alteration. Take a photo or proof that could validate your claim.
Note that when your neighbor did not alter any property’s natural landscape, you have no grounds to take legal action.
2. Learn Your Local Laws on Drainage Modifications
You could refer to the three general rules mentioned above when deciding what to do. But you should also check with your local government if there are other modifications.
You have to consult a lawyer knowledgeable on drainage laws to know what you are up against. Do not rush to court before knowing the legal implications of your actions.
The court night does not decide in your favor. You might end up compensating your neighbor instead for the cost of moral damages.
3. Talk to Your Neighbor and Try to Settle Amicably
Before taking any action, you should talk to the person concerned first. Try to find a way to settle things amicably. Perhaps, your neighbor is not aware of the effects of the land alteration.
Compromise with your neighbor on how you can both take a common beneficial ground. Diplomacy could work wonders in these, otherwise, volatile situations.
4. Consult the Homeowners Association in Your Area
If the landowner concerned does not want to settle amicably, you could elevate your complaint to the Homeowners Association (HOA) in your area. Explain the problem and present your shreds of evidence.
Let them know that you want to settle the issue without going to court. For sure, going to court could waste more time, energy, and money.
5. Take Legal Action
If the HOA cannot resolve your problem, you could take legal action by taking your complaint to your local court. You have to be ready with your pieces of evidence to prove your claim.
Do not rely so much on court decisions, though, as they will have to consider your neighbor’s circumstances too.
6. Build Structures to Redirect Runoff Water
Besides doing steps 1 to 5, you could also protect your property by building berms and digging swales. You could catch runoff water in a dry well or into drains. These would hold the water during heavy rain and afterward allow it to infiltrate the soil naturally.
7. Get Flood Insurance for Your Property
You could get flood insurance for your property so that you can have something to lean back on when disaster strikes.
When your neighbor’s gutter drains on your property, you can take appropriate steps to resolve the problem. Take note that each state has different rules involving drainage. You could use the common steps previously mentioned to resolve the issue.
First, talk amicably to your neighbor to settle the problem. If your neighbor does not respond positively, you could refer your problem to your Homeowners’ Association or similar entities in your state.
Your final step is to take legal action based on the laws in your state. You must exhaust all ways to settle the dispute amicably.
Can I Sue My Neighbor for Water Runoff?
You will have to know the existing laws in your area. But, yes, you can sue your neighbor if you can prove that your neighbor has maliciously or carelessly directed the water into your property causing damages. You can refer to the rules mentioned above.
Conclusion – Neighbor’s Gutter Drains on My Property
You may find it hard to decide what to do when your neighbor’s gutter drains on your property. The crucial thing to remember is that your neighbor is not liable to damages when your neighbor’s property is higher than yours and the gutter naturally drains on your property.
Although each state has different rules in resolving drainage issues, the three general rules apply. However, you could use these three steps to solve the problem.
The first step is to talk to your neighbor and find a beneficial solution for both of you. But if your neighbor does not cooperate, you could refer your drainage problem to your Homeowners’ Association or similar entities in your area.
Your last option is to take legal action against your neighbor based on the laws in your state.
Before you go to court, you must have proof of the damage your neighbor’s drainage had on your property.
Having some property insurance or flood insurance is also one good way to minimize the cost of property damage during strong storms.
You have to learn how to protect your property against the natural forces of nature in cases when your neighbor is not held liable for the damages.